Müdigkeitsgesellschaft eBook ß Paperback

Müdigkeitsgesellschaft [PDF / EPUB] Müdigkeitsgesellschaft Derzeit vollzieht sich unbemerkt ein Paradigmenwechsel Die Gesellschaft der Negativität weicht einer Gesellschaft die von einem Übermaß an Positivität beherrscht ist Ausgehend von diesem Paradigme Derzeit vollzieht sich unbemerkt ein Paradigmenwechsel Die Gesellschaft der Negativität weicht einer Gesellschaft die von einem Übermaß an Positivität beherrscht ist Ausgehend von diesem Paradigmenwechsel zeichnet Han die pathologische Landschaft der heutigen Gesellschaft zu der neuronale Erkrankungen wie Depression Aufmerksamkeitsdefizitsyndrom Borderline oder Burnout gehören Sie sind keine Infektionen sondern Infarkte die nicht durch die Negativität des immunologisch Anderen sondern durch ein Übermaß an Positivität bedingt sind So entziehen sie sich jeder immunologischen Technik der Prophylaxe und Abwehr Hans Analyse mündet am Ende in die Vision einer Gesellschaft die er in beabsichtigter Ambivalenz 'Müdigkeitsgesellschaft' nennt.


10 thoughts on “Müdigkeitsgesellschaft

  1. says:

    This is a seriously interesting book but I'm not sure I completely agree with him His argument is that we now live in a world where we are so self monitoring that we have moved beyond the notion of a discipline society That is we no longer reuire external modes of discipline but rather our desire to be high achievers fulfils this function much effectively than external compulsion ever couldI'm going to tell you why I think this might be overstating the case and then I'm going to ignore my own criticism I think for most people in society external observation and punishments based on those observations has become all consuming To say we have moved beyond the panoptic society seems to fly in the face of the everyday experience of most people who have to live with employer set KPIs Apple watches that tell them if they have reached their move goals or how poorly they are maintaining their sleep ones and they are filmed by surveillance cameras even while strolling down a street That is I struggle to see how we can say we have moved beyond the surveillance societyHowever there is no doubt that we have become much self monitoring and that we are even prepared to forgo privacy to gain the pleasure that comes from confirming we are optimising our life projects whether those be losing weight reading books book challenge anyone? reaching our KPIs exceeding our PBs or whatever the latest sports derived metaphor might be 'Calm fitter healthier and productive A pig in a cage on antibiotics'At one point he says something that felt like being hit across the face with a cold towel That we shouldn't be uite so pleased with ourselves just because we can 'multi task' In fact mulita tasking is really a return to an animal state rather than reaching the peak of human achievement Animals must multi task there's always another animal trying to have sex with their partner eat them eat one of their children take the food out of their mouth shift them down the pecking order In fact the one thing an animal cannot be is 'in the present' or 'lost in the moment' That is they are condemned to multi taskWhat is human then is the ability to be profoundly bored to be still and to contemplate and to think one's way to a kind of conclusion He makes a beautiful point here that God made the Sabbath as a day of rest that we are closest to God when we are resting rather than when we are busy going about the mundane inanities of everyday lifeThe problem is that the modern world is conspiring to make us less than human and animal like We are being forced to multi task and our post post Fordist world also means we generally never have anything to point to so as to be able to say see that there I finished that that is the product of my labour that is the best that I'm capable of creating We are busy so busy we are exhausted but that busyness never amounts to an externalised manifestation of our efforts and so we collapse into ourselves in unhealthy ways ways that don't produce self love but rather narcissism And this brings us to where he begins if much of the 20th century was obsessed with infection antibiotics vaccines and so on today our globalised world means we can't reject the other in uite the same way that is kill or be killed no longer is an optimum strategy instead we have to find ways to hybridise with the other and to welcome in what had otherwise been kept out I struggle with this idea too you just look at how Australia treats asylum seekers to see what I mean but if one limits their view to the wealthy few to whom borders no longer exist rather than the poor many that Bauman maintains are held in place then this interpretation has some merit Today the illness we confront is not something that can be cured by antibodies or by vaccines Today's illnesses are self inflicted and they are inflicted not by negativity overcoming the other to assert your own primacy but rather mental illnesses related to stress and ultimately the stress that comes from over achievement This is insanely interesting Here we are being killed not by negativity things actively seeking to kill us but by positivity by our desire to be good and then better and then the best I like this because I've long had a distrust of the 'positive psychology' movement 'no I will not bloody well whistle while I work'Although this book owes to Nietzsche than it does to Marx I kept thinking of a book I reviewed recently called 'Labour and Monopoly Capitalism' and the idea that we are human due to human labour but not any sort of labour rather only that kind that allows us to see the completed product of our labour This book fits within Nietzsche's ideas of the importance of the work of art in producing the truly human or even Kant's purposiveness without a purpose the idea of art as a kind of contemplation on the world that then allows for a depth of perception otherwise unavailable to those of us who are busy multi tasking He uotes Cezanne as saying he could visualise the fragrance of things merely from contemplating them This level of focus of contemplation of losing one's self in an object other than one's self is increasingly being denied us even in our similarly busy leisure And this is reflected in the kind of tiredness we are confronted with we are tired to the depths of our souls rather than tired in the way that is one of life's most pleasurable feelings tired from having doneSo with caveats this is a seriously interesting book


  2. says:

    A tieredness societyThis is the story of a young man korean who came to study metallurgy in Germany and became philosoph it's uite normal to be philosoph in Germany Interisting manMany of my patient are tired So tired His vision is particular because he had two culture In Korea children are complained to work a lot competition with many problems suicide dispressed But in occidental country it is the sameFor him our society of performance is in fact the suprem stade of the self exploitation societyIt makes me feel in another way to Etienne de la Boetie the Montaigne's friend and his famous Discours de la servitude volontaireI will try to read some of his other books


  3. says:

    Burnout syndrome does not express the exhausted self so much as the exhausted burnt out soulRecently one of the podcasts I listen to has started running adverts for an audiobook and e reader app The advert goes something like this Are you too busy to read full books? But do you still want to get ahead? With our app you can discover the key ideas of the world's best non fiction books in only 15 minutes We have summarised and re written thousands of books so that you can digest them in just a uarter of an hourHan Byung Chul's short book The Burnout Society 2015 helps us make sense of apps like this as it argues powerfully that twenty first century advanced capitalism has transformed its workforce into a society of hyper active multi tasking and excessively exhausted human beings Always pressed for time always switched on never truly resting or encountering boredom and increasingly becoming self employed and self disciplining today's accelerated world has bludgeoned its burnt out workers into depressive and suicidal tendenciesTo arrive at this argument Han wrestles with some of the philosophical big dogs Nietzsche Freud Arendt and Agamben He revisits Kafka's 'The Hunger Artist' and Melville's 'Bartleby the Scrivener' And he also makes two important points about our current moment Both of these arguments can and should be challenged particularly so from the vantage point of far right ascendency in 2019 But even so here they are1 In the wake of the Cold War Han writes we have softened our pervasive hatred of the Other In the twenty first century he says hatred of the Other has become somewhat residual and in its place we have ushered in a hatred of the Same Thus if the Cold War was an immunological society a society in which the West vigilantly protected itself from the negativity of exogenous shocks then the post Cold War moment has turned us into an excessively positive society We are no longer infected by diseases but develop mental health conditions2 Foucault argued that modernity was a disciplinary society the court the madhouse the prison Deleuze argued that late modernity was a control society the subject self monitors their own discipline Han argues that these disciplinary measures have been exacerbated by what he calls the achievement society of today our bosses are ironic now They breathe down our necks at the very same moment they tell us to be ourselves and practice self careAnd so Han comes to think of contemporary life as utterly burnt out If bosses tell us to be ourselves then the depressed individual is someone who is tired of having to become themselves Moreover the achievement subject exploits itself until it burns out As neoliberalism tells us all to be homo economicus we work ourselves to exhaustionAgainst the exhaustion and hyper activity of the neoliberal workplace Han calls our attention to the significance of tiredness and boredom To be human Han suggests is to experience Erfahrung not Erlebnis profound tiredness and profound boredom We won't find this boredom in our jobs at the call centre or in the factory nor will we be tired from it when we scroll the timeline before we go to sleep Only meaningful work is boring and only meaningful rest shows how tired we are Only these can give us pause and cultivate a authentic relationship with the world If this sounds Heideggerian then that's because Han is a close reader of Heideggers At around 60 pages this is a captivating and striking book that deepens our understanding of contemporary life even if I am suspicious of its foundational claims


  4. says:

    A stimulating and yet not wholly satisfying read Byuon Chul Hal presents a short tract suggesting that society has moved on from one in which our behavior is disciplined by those around us to one in which we are freer self monitoring individuals who are controlled by the pressure to achieve to be special It seems to be this pressure to achieve leads to increases in depressions attention deficit disorders and a whole bunch of negatives Right or wrong the book is buoyed along by interesting discussions such as one involving Arendt’s vita active and vita contemplativeI think that the translation may be at fault but It doesn’t read easily and the author has a fairly annoying habit of stating what someone famous believes following that statement with a lengthy uote from that person following up by something as simple as saying 'but he’s wrong' and then continuing with the point of view the author is presenting Read it but expect nothing


  5. says:

    This book is torture Thank God it’s small It’s either a very bad translation from German or a rotten porridge from someone trying to impress people with fancy words—and failing


  6. says:

    This is the best explanation I've ever found on the current mental health crisis in our society A wonderful work of Philosophy that is both brilliant and accessible tiny and comprehensive I'll need to read everything Han has ever written


  7. says:

    Not an easy read I skimmed it about a year ago and I still don't get it even though I read it slowly and take notes Even though I picked this up because I think it's relevant to whatever I'm struggling with Even though I've read a good number of literature it references Nietzsche Heidegger Kafka Bartleby but not Agamben yet The idea is that some of the old social metaphors of sickness health immune system that are still extremely popular today are in fact outdated and fail to account for the kind of malaise we late moderns suffer The threat isn't from outside it's not the other and it's not a threat It cannot be fought with an immune system it cannot be counterbalanced with positivity it's from within and a kind of self oppression it's an excess of positivityWut? You ask How can there be too much positivity? That's what I said too Apparently we lack the will to rest the ability to say no to negate It's not even a matter of being disciplined by others it's about an excess of self drivingI'm intrigued enough to read by the same author but I'm walking away feeling like I'm either too dumb to get this or I've been pranked


  8. says:

    Interesting book but I just couldn't get myself to the second half It discusses modern society's topics but is written with a lot of loaded words and it doesn't really grasp me urge me to read further


  9. says:

    Han's argument is that we have transitioned from a disciplinary society in which we are pressured to conform by external forces into an achievement society in which we are pressured to conform by the introjected reuirement to live your best life and so exploit ourselves in the impossible task of seeking ever receding pointless and illusory life goals set by Capital Consumerism reuires that we are never satisfied and so we can only fail to achieve expending our energy in a fruitless aspirational uest for a sense of worth and self fulfillment deliberately withheld from us resulting in burnout and the descent into depression That being happy has become a reuirement makes unhappiness a personal failing rather than an appropriate response to adverse circumstance further eroding self worth My takeaway message Give yourself a break you are good enough as you are


  10. says:

    This is undoubtedly one of the most important essays I've read in my life You must read this The nice thing about authors who criticize economic exploitation is that they tend to keep their books online for free It's like 50 pages this link has an excerpt


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