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El Filibusterismo [PDF / EPUB] El Filibusterismo El Filibusterismo The Subversive is the second novel by Jose Rizal 1861 1896 , national hero of the Philippines Like its predecessor, the better known Noli Me Tangere , the Fili was written in Castili El Filibusterismo The Subversive is the second novel by Jose Rizal , national hero of the Philippines Like its predecessor, the better known Noli Me Tangere , the Fili was written in Castilian while Rizal was traveling and studying in Europe It was published in Ghent in and later translated into English, German, French, Japanese, Tagalog, Ilonggo, and other languages A nationalist novel by an author who has been called the first Filipino, its nature as a social document of the late nineteenth century Philippines is often emphasized For many years, copies of the Fili were smuggled into the Philippines after it was condemned as subversive by the Spanish authorities Characters from the Noli Basilio, Dona Victorina, Padre Salvi return while new ones are introduced Simoun, the transformed Ibarra Cabesang Tales and his struggle for justice the nationalist student Isagani the Indio priest Padre Florentino Through them the colonial milieu is expanded its officialdom, education, legal system, power plays, social patterns and seen anew as context for conflict and insight Translator Soledad Lacson Locsin is the first to have worked from facsimile editions of the original manuscripts The result is the most authoritative and faithful English translation to date, one which attempts to preserve in English the cadence and color of the original.

10 thoughts on “El Filibusterismo

  1. says:

    El Filibusterismo The Filibustering is the sequel of Noli Me Tangere. These were the two published novels by Dr Jose Rizal, the national hero of my country, the Philippines Noli and Fili, along with his other writings, caused his death by firing squad on December 30, 1898 or around 2 years before Spain sold the country to the United States of America They are required readings in most high schools in the country Noli for juniors and Fili for seniors.A filibuster is someone who engages in an unauthorized military expedition into a foreign country to foment or support a revolution In the novel, this is Simoun who is actually the disguised Ibarra, the main protagonist in the previous Noli. Because he was duped by Padre Salvi for the friar to have a chance on Ibarra s girlfriend Maria Clara, the wicked friar implicated Ibarra in inciting rebellion against the government So, Ibarra became the hunted and was only saved by Elias towards the end of Noli. After helping Basilio in burying Sisa and burning Elias on Christmas Eve, Ibarra went to Cuba, made himself rich, met and befriended the now Governor General assigned in the Philippines, he is now fully poised to get Maria Clara from the convent and stage his revenge against those who wronged him Noli was published in Germany in 1887 and was immediately banned by Spanish friars in the Philippines and from then on, the Spanish government started to monitor Rizal s activities His parents told him not to return to the country and when he did, asked him to return back to Europe He also lost his true love, Leonor Rivera His uncle, Rivera s father, thought that his daughter would not have a peaceful married life with somebody as dangerous Rizal This threat from Spanish government did not stop Rizal from continuing his campaign overseas to expose the injustices being done to his fellowmen So, he wrote Fili and expressed his thoughts on the possible solution to the country s situation Yes, if you really analyze the messages in both novels, Noli s intention was to state the problem while Fili s was to present the possible solutions I thought Rizal did not write Fili just to fan further the flame caused by Noli but to tell the Filipinos the different alternatives to their problems and what he thought was the best solution non violence. You see, Rizal 1861 1896 shared this earth with Mahatma Gandhi 1869 1948 But Rizal was first in pushing non violence in achieving freedom It s just that the Filipinos then were too brave, aggressive and impatient to wait for the right time so they fought tooth and nail against the Spanish government In fairness, they achieved a bit of victory so they were able to declare our independence in 1898 and installed a revolutionary government but it was short lived because Spain hurriedly sold the county to the Americans to the tune of twenty million dollars as agreed in the Treaty of Paris in that same year.I thought of giving this book a 4 star rating Not because of any flaw in Rizal s writing but Ongoco s translation is full of typographical errors The publisher or printer seemed to have hurried everything and they did not do a good job of proofreading and giving time for Ongoco to substantiate the study guide that was one of the reasons why I loved the first book, Noli. Anyway, I am giving this still a full 5 because this was written by our national hero who bravely gave up his life for us so what the eff, anything less than that is for me, unpatriotic and a total disregard to Rizal s sacrifices and legacy.Most of my GR Filipino friends, prefer Fili over Noli but most local and foreign critics say otherwise What do I say Which one do I prefer Hmmm, let me see.Using Thomas C Foster s How to Read Novels Like a Professor, let me go over each of the 18 yardsticks in analyzing a novel and compare Noli and Fili 1 Style The opening scene in Noli, the grand welcome party in Capitan Tiago s house mirrors the condition of the country right away On the other hand, the upper and lower decks in M V Tabo shows the marked difference between the social strata in the country particularly the Spaniards peninsulares, insulares, mestizos and the lowly indios. As per as the manner of writing, i.e., long or short, simple or complex, sentences, rushed or leisurely pacing, they are the same K.D SAYS TieSCORE 0 02 Tone Noli is social while Fili is political Noli still has a heart because it has this passionate love story between Ibarra and Maria Clara Fili is mostly about revenge and debates which mean it has brain than heart So, this depends in the reader s preference I thought that I enjoyed Noli .K.D SAYS Noli over FiliSCORE 1 03 Mood Noli is confused yet still hopeful Angst is still underneath Fili is altogether hatred from page 1 until the last chapter except in the last scene There are scenes in Noli where I was mesmerized by Rizal s use of beautiful prose putting natural color on his settings There are still some in Fili but they were overshadowed by the strong hatred emotions from the characters.K.D SAYS Noli over FiliSCORE 2 04 Diction Rizal used his characters to express his thoughts There are these debates or long conversations that while reading, you will get the feeling that Rizal is discussing his views with you In Noli, there are only 2 Ibarra and Pilisopo Tasyo is one and the debate about the town fiesta as the other Fili on the other hand, has a lot Isagani vs Ginoong Pasta, Macaraig vs Don Cammaro, the friars and government officials in Los Banos, Placido Penitente vs his professor, Isagani vs Padre Fernandez and even the last scene with Simon and Padre Florentino Wonderful debates.K.D SAYS Fili over NoliSCORE 2 15 Point of View Both employ an omniscient narrator but there is a part in Fili when Rizal used stream of consciousness This is the part when Simoun heard about the death of Maria Clara What an effective way of expressing Rizal s sadness and I could not help but wonder if this was how he felt when Leonor Rivera got married to a foreigner.K.D SAYS Fili over NoliSCORE 2 26 Narrative Presence The attitude of the omniscient narrator is accommodating and patient in Fili rather than in Noli. For example, in the Noche Buena scene in Noli, the narrator used the reader s sympathy over the limping Basilio chasing the crazy Sisa and he forgot to describe the setting In Fili with Basilio after 13 years, I was in awe reading the beautiful description of the forest while Basilio was remembering the first Noche Buena.K.D SAYS Fili over NoliSCORE 2 37 Narrative Attitude Despite those beautiful descriptions of the settings in Fili, it is direct and straightforward Although the message is sometimes diluted by the many options presented, Rizal was able to tie the loose ends in the very last chapter during the whole day conversation between Simoun and Padre Florentino Also, the dialogues are brutal like in the scene with the talking head or sphinx.K.D SAYS Fili over NoliSCORE 2 48 Time Frame Noli starts with Ibarra s homecoming after staying in Europe for 7 years Fili starts with Simoun s appearance after disappearing as Ibarra after 13 years Ibarra is hopeful that he will be able to bring change by putting up a school with his love for his country as the reason He was able to learn this from his trips abroad including his stay in Spain However, the 13 years in Cuba was, for me, not enough for Simoun to gather all those treasures that he claimed to have even come from Marie Antoinette and the pyramids in Egypt It just sounded not too plausible.K.D SAYS Noli over FiliSCORE 3 49 Time Management Noli starts at the end of October to December 24 Christmas Eve Fili on Christmas Eve to after Holy Week or after the school year Less than 2 months for Rizal to tell the tale of a small town of San Diego but he needed than that to tell the events in the city I thought he used his time frames quite well in both.K.D SAYS TieSCORE Still at 3 410 Place If Calamba were the basis for San Diego, the Binondo and San Diego locations in Noli seems to be realistic The Laguna de Bay Manila Pasig River Tiyani Binondo then finally to a provincial place with a plateau and the plateau is right in front of a deep sea is just a bit of a stretch How could the weak and wounded Simoun travel to a far flung provincial place of Padre Florentino Some say that the basis of this place was Atimonan, Quezon and it is a 4 hour drive from Manila But for a horse drawn carriage during the Spanish times And Simoun was still able to confess to the priest for 1 whole day K.D SAYS Noli over FiliSCORE 4 411 Motif The letters are the recurring images in Noli and there was not a single letter in Fili. Rather, in Fili the recurring images are the treasures and the lights The letters in Noli denotes secrecy or inner ghosts They signify the hidden emotional turmoil of Rizal and the Filipinos The treasures in Fili means evil not all the glitters are gold and the lights, e.g., the stars that were in the sky guiding Basilio, the lights reflected on the surface of Laguna de Bay and the lamplight that could have killed all the rich and famous in Manila, signify hope Rizal was really wonderful in using his motifs.K.D SAYS TieSCORE Still at 4 412 Theme Overall, Noli is positive hope, love, beautiful memories, parties, town fiesta, picnic by the riverbank, groundbreaking for a school, many books, knowledge, etc On the other hand, again overall, Fili is negative hate, revenge, death, rape in the open, persecution, students leaving the university, scary stage shows, protests, son killing his own kin, etc K.D SAYS Noli over FiliSCORE 5 413 Irony Since there is no prevailing emotion in Noli, the use of irony in that novel is effective Who would forget the Christmas Eve when Basilio was chasing Sisa, his lunatic mother There were also scenes in Fili when this was nicely used like when Simoun went to the house of Kabesang Tales and lured him to commit rebellion by showing him the treasures However, we already knew Simoun s intent even at the onset so it was not as effective as those last scene in Noli. The one of Carolino and Tandang Selo was anti climatic in my opinion.K.D SAYS Noli over FiliSCORE 6 414 Rythmn Narrative rhythm is greatly influence by the theme in these two books I enjoyed the deployment of words better in Noli for example the old fashioned but kilig dialogues between Ibarra and Maria Clara when they were in the azotea The many long debates in Fili were at times so convoluted that they tend to go around in circles not to mention non sense characters mouthing nonsense statements that there are parts when they were boring and pointless.K.D SAYS Noli over FiliSCORE 7 415 Pace I thought that this was won by Fili by a mile The novel is fast paced and full of events Noli is laid back and only peaked up in the last three chapters No wonder some of my GR Filipino friends who don t normally read classics find it too wordy if not boring.K.D SAYS Fili over NoliSCORE 7 516 Expectations Again, Fili by a mile I first read Fili in school and I knew all along that the lamp would not explode However, due to Rizal s buildup of the plot towards that despedida party, I still hoped that my memory was incorrect I was hoping that the lamp would kill all those shenigans As opposed to almost climax less plot of Noli where there is nothing like that big event When Ibarra and Elias are being chased in the lake, I felt I would like Elias to survive.K.D SAYS Fili over NoliSCORE 7 617 Characters Hands down, Noli rules There are far memorable characters there than the new ones introduced in Fili. Even the characters they shared like Ibarra Simoun, Basilio, Padre Salvi, Donya Victorina and the teacher firecracker worker are memorable in Noli. For one, the young Basilio is sympathetic than the nervous indecisive young man.K.D SAYS Noli over FiliSCORE 8 618 Page 1 Even if the setting in the first page of Noli is memorable because of the regalia and the detailed description of the house, I thought that the use of the upper deck lower deck in Fili is direct and intense Rizal seemed to be surer of what he would like to tell even on the very first page of the book The transition from Noli to Fili was not even jarring because of the recurring characters even after 13 years have passed I thought Rizal s use of his first page was effective in Fili.K.D SAYS Fili over NoliSCORE 8 7So, it is Noli over Fili by 1 point.Better to read them both For my non Filipino friends, both books have English translations released by Penguin, Inc Noli FiliPlease read them and let me know if you have questions.

  2. says:

    In the meantime, while the Filipino people may not have sufficient energy to proclaim, with head high and chest bared, their rights to social life, and to guarantee it with their sacrifice, with their own blood while we see our own countrymen in private life feeling shame within themselves, to hear roaring the voice of conscience which rebels and protests, and in public life keep silent, to make a chorus with him who abuses to mock the abused while we see them enclosed in their own selfishness, praising the most iniquitous deeds with forced smiles, begging with their eyes for a portion of the booty, why give them freedom With Spain and without Spain they would always be the same, and perhaps, perhaps worse Why independence if the slaves of today will be the tyrants of tomorrow And they would be, without doubt, because he loves tyranny who submits to it Senor Simoun, while our people may not be prepared, while they may go to battle beguiled or forced, without a clear understanding of what they have to do, the wisest attempts will fail and it is better that they fail, because why commit the wife to the husband if he does not sufficiently love her, if he is not ready to die for her When I see Filipinos not stepping up to their responsibilities when I meet people taking their studies for granted when I see some of our leaders pandering for votes and gullible people actually adulating them for it when people engage in mindless barbarism when I encounter people who do not have any regard for their surroundings, the environment, and their fellow Filipinos, I often think of Rizal s prescient words.

  3. says:

    El Filibusterismo, is the second novel written by Philippine national hero Jos Rizal It also serves as the sequel to his novel Noli Me Tangere El Fili as it is popularly called, is a darker and evolved novel compared to Noli It s a book about revenge, manipulation, deception and greed to name a few It s taken a deeper turn and it shows Rizal s growth as a writer This turned out to be a double edged sword In creating a serious book, Rizal sacrificed something, he lost the pure Filipino culture that he successfully portrays at Noli In creating a darker novel, he westernizes the story The plot about the bombing, the manipulation of the officials, Simoun wearing shades and all, it all feels to foreign Don t get me wrong, the book is still a master piece I m just saying that it doesn t encapsulate our culture as strongly as Noli did The story is still a tribute to our country, it still clearly depicts the oppression that we suffer For all intents and purposes, this is still one of the greatest works of literature that ever came out of our country So, why not a five star Aside from westernizing this novel, I have mixed feelings towards the ending As I understand it, Rizal acknowledges that he thinks that fighting for freedom during his time is not for the greater good but for personal gain He thinks that the people are not ready yet But, he also ends it with hope Though they might not be ready yet, he thinks that there will come a time when people need to fight for freedom, that it will be achieved someday It was achieved sooner than he thought, though it would be lost again I do think that when talking about liberty and fighting against oppression, one cannot afford to wait for the right time But hey, it s just me, my opinion I m no Rizal El Filibusterismo might not be a perfect, but it s still a great Filipino novel.

  4. says:

    No reading is ever the same When I first read this book as a requirement for high school, it was nothing to me as a lame, boring story of the past misfortunes by Dr Rizal s brilliant mind It was yet another Noli Me Tangere But when I read it again before the start of last semester, there were far too many details that I had overseen before And it speaks of old tales that are subtly happening in the present Filipino society Really, I think this novel transcends time Or maybe, it was intended to do so Perhaps, Rizal didn t only intend to reveal what was present during the reign of the Spaniards but also to show what colonialism can bring to a society And I don t think we are past this stage yet.

  5. says:

    Maaaring may mga spoiler at kung anu anu pang mga bagay na walang kinalaman sa libro o sayo Dati kung tatanungin ako, alin ang mas magandang akda ni Rizal, lagi kong sagot Noli, kahit hindi ko naman majustify ang sagot ko Pero ngayon, ngayon nabasa ko na uli ang El Fili, El Fili na ako forever Haha Poot Paghihiganti Hustisya Pangaapi Kalayaan EdukasyonMga salitang hindi ko malilimutan mula sa libro Ang daming magagandang pakikipagpalitan ng ideya Sa umpisa palang babanatan ka na ni Simoun at Basilio Si Miss Trienta at ang El Filibusterismo ni RizalAng naaalala ko noon, dalaga pa si Miss Trienta, maganda, maliit at balingkinitang babae, sya noon ang Filipino teacher namin nung f4th year high school, kaya sya rin magtuturo ng El Fili sa amin Hindi ko pa nun natutuklasan ang mundo ng mga libro bagamat mahilig na akong magbasa ng komiks noon, hindi ko rin naman maaalala kung naging interesado ako sa librong ito o sa kahit na anung akda o may kinalaman sa ating pambansang bayani Ang mga naaalala ko lang, laging may mga takdang aralin na kabanata, at kailangan sagutan ang libro, at tuwing lalagyan ang t.v at VHS player ang room namin para panuorin ang Noli Hindi ko maalala kung may mga naging engaging topics ba tungkol sa libro, wala rin akong maalalang kaeskwela na naging seryoso sa pagbabasa nito o naging masaya sa pagbabasa ng isang required book read Wala pa akong naiintidihan nun, walang pake Ngayon, may asawa na si Miss Trienta ay Mrs na nga pala, hindi ko alam kung Filipino sa 4th year pa rin ang tinuturo nya, kung makakasalubong ko sya ngayon tatanungin ko sya, bakit ganun na lang kaya ang pagsasawalang bahala ang mga estudyante sa isang magandang libro at pagkikibit balikat sa isang dakilang tao Napaisip tuloy ako, si Miss ay Mrs Trienta kaya, naging masaya sa tinuturo nya naging interesado kaya sya sa akda ni Rizal,bilib kaya sya na pambansang bayani May naging estudyante na kaya sya na gandang ganda sa libro at hindi naging pasakit ang pagbabasa ng kwento dahil gusto nya yung binabasa nya Wala naman akong pinagsisisihan kung ngayon ko lang naappriciate si Rizal, ngayon ko lang napagtanto na malaking bagay nga ang iniambag nya sa ating bayan pagiging Pilipino ko.

  6. says:

    My third time to read this book, El Filibusterismo but my first time to read it in English My edition of this book translated by Soledad Lacson Locsin won the 1996 NBDB National Book Award for Translation I think the book deserves that award because Lacson Locsin spoke and wrote in both languages, Spanish the language the book was originally written and English the other language she spoke at home Her son edited the book making the language contemporary but retained the cadence of Spanish to retain its Spanish flavor Like Noli me tangere 5 stars, 3 stars , El Fili is a propaganda novel These two books made the Filipinos revolt against the Spanish oppressors in 1898, two years after our National Hero, Dr Jose Rizal was executed by a firing squad on December 20, 1896 One of the main reasons for his death were these two books that the Spanish government and he was charged with rebellion, sedition and conspiracy In short, he died because of this two books and because of these two books, the Philippines got our independence from Spain and we are the first country that got its independence however scrupulous or questionable it was from colonial oppressors in this side of the globe So, for that alone, this book must be read by all Filipinos.Unlike the third time I read Noli, I did not get any different insights from reading this book I still liked it so much I still wish of course the lamp blasted all the characters in the final scene Isagani s folly dumped the heightened feeling that one has towards the end Only for the love of Paulita that sonofabitch chickened out and let the whole nation continue to suffer in the hands of the Spanish government officials Is it plausible Of course, it is but it weakened the story It also weakened Rizal s image as a freedom fighter In my mind, this was Rizal s justification that he was not for the revolution and the uproar that Noli created and made his parents and his beau Leonor Rivera worry for his return chickened him out to make the ending of this book exactly like this So, if Rizal was the mixture of Ibarra, Elias and Filosopo Tasyo in Noli, he was the mixture of Simoun and Isagani in this book Which book I like better between Noli and El Fili I am still bias towards Noli because I think it is balanced between being a love story and a propaganda El Fili has the angst and call for a revolution but in the end these went kaput so what s the point

  7. says:

    Not for me to criticize a piece of work that is not just a national treasure, but contributed to the execution of a man In addition to providing a wonderfully detailed snapshot of those times, El Filibusterismo is a vehicle for a myriad of ideas and solutions for the Filipino people during the Spanish occupation in the 1800s It s interesting to note that while Rizal s death inspired the Philippine revolution, this book actually advocates non violence I might write a detailed review once I have my thoughts in order.

  8. says:

    The sequel to Rizal s masterpiece it stands as the most subversive work of them all

  9. says:

    El Fibusterismo The Subversive is the sequel to Noli Me Tangere Touch me not You have to give it to Rizal, he sure knew how to title his books For me, book titles are as good as its cover Aside from book cover, the title of the book is the very first thing that caught readers attention I have to admit, sometimes, I buy a book simply because its title is awesome Not very advisable But hey I did have some great finds, you know And by golly Who can resist a book with such strong titles Touch me not and The filibuster Gimme that Fortunately, this book, as its prequel is required reading in High School Whereas Noli is for Juniors, the Department of Education thought Fili is for mature readers such as seniors Great.El Filibusterismo is darker, heavier and heart breaking than its predecessor It is a revenge story It is Rizal s bolder attempt to stir the patriotism in the heart of the Filipinos It is an amazing book But what s amazing is the story behind this book If you ever watched Jose Rizal the movie, it showed there how much Rizal struggled to decide the ending of this book In the end, he decided that the Filipinos are not yet ready for a bloody revolution, so there goes the lamp.I rated this book 1 star less than Noli Me Tangere because this book is clearly a hate story There is too much hate in the characters and it is just too heavy for my taste Simon Crisostomo Ibarra in the 1st book , became as cold hearted as his enemies and the borderline between goodness and evil became blurred as the main protagonist struggled to draw the line But I guess that was the purpose of the whole story It s still an epic book for me.4 star Because Jose Rizal is a bad ass.

  10. says:

    El Filibusterismo The Subversive is the sequel to Noli Me Tangere Touch Me Not written by Jose Rizal, the national hero of the Philippines Rizal dedicated this book to the three martyr priests Don Mariano Gomez, Jose Burgos, Don Jacinto Zamora who were executed by Spaniards on charges of subversion in 1872 I first read this book along with the first one Noli Me Tangere as a requirement in my high school classes, of course the stories were written in Filipino Fourteen years later, I was given another chance to read El Filibusterismo in English version originally written in Spanish , provided by it s publisher, Penguin Classics I realized it was a boring story then maybe because it was taught in school, never read it with much enthusiasm but now I found it an interesting story of revenge I can only imagine Rizal s situation when this book circulated in the Philippines I am not an expert of Rizal s work and the Philippines history but I think this was one of the many reasons why he was executed by the Spaniards I enjoyed reading this book so much and would like to recommend this to readers of classic books.

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