Opowieści o pilocie Pirxie ePUB ò Opowieści o MOBI

Opowieści o pilocie Pirxie [PDF / EPUB] Opowieści o pilocie Pirxie Commander Pirx who drives space vehicles for a living in the galaxy of the future here faces a new series of intriguing adventures in which robots demonstrate some alarmingly human characteristics Tra Commander Pirx who drives space vehicles for a living in the galaxy of the future here faces a new series of intriguing adventures in which robots demonstrate some alarmingly human characteristics Translated by Louis Iribarne assisted by Magdalena Majcherczyk and Michael Kandel A Helen and Kurt Wolff Book.

10 thoughts on “Opowieści o pilocie Pirxie

  1. says:

    Stanislaw Lem is an almost criminally underrated Sci Fi author and translations of his books are rare in the US I grew up reading him though so it's nice to revisit the classics He tells stories of space travel that are cerebral but that also raise some interesting issues of emotion and what it means to be human His ongoing Pirx the Pilot novels are great and I'm glad I have this one

  2. says:

    Let me start by saying that although machine intelligence is the dominant theme in this collection “Pirx’s Tale” the sole story not revolving around enigmas of machine decision making was excellent The way Lem paints human frailty into a picture of outrageous cosmic luck is too classic As for the rest of the collection the stories of course recalled my experience with Asimov’s Complete Robot as Lem and Asimov wrestle with similar issues and proceed from some of the same starting points In these Pirx tales robots are emotionally dormant yet curious adventurous; they perhaps perhaps for the intellectronicians would never buy it display compassion generosity; they are of course helplessly logical; they lack intuition and improvisation is there Achilles heel; and they are hopeless slaves of humanity deeply imprinted and influenced by their creators set in paths and put to tasks predetermined by humankind and ingrained so deeply in their nature that they could never conceive of another kind of existence In “The Accident” Pirx admits to seeing “something inherently unfair something fundamentally wrong about a situation whereby man had created an intelligence both external to and dependent on his will” Pirx reflects that robots were “crippled even before the day they were born” and an android later corroborates this opinion holding that a machine’s pre programming is determinative than its training nurture—although “Ananke” demonstrates the dramatic influence human trainers can have on a robot whose complex functions depend on machine learning Perhaps the most insightful moment in Lem’s playful yet shrewd exploration of the characteristics of machine intelligence was Pirx’s conversation with Burns in “The Inuest” According to Burns a purported non linear ie robot “an artificial intelligence differs from the human brain in its inability to handle several mutually contradictory programs” Surely no one would deny that the human brain is capable of contradicting itself in every which way; but machines are enslaved to logic—they depend on mathematical precision their every move is statistically optimal based on available informationMost informative of the character of this non linear however is its impression of humanity Burns tells Pirx that it has “two abiding sensations one is astonishment the other a sense of the comical both in response to the arbitrariness of your world” Yep life multicellular life humanity our society each individual is the product of impossibility mathematical probabilities so infinitesimal as to be virtually non existent Nothing had to be this way Or did it? Is everything precisely the way it had to be the only way it ever could be for this simply is the way it is and the past is irreversible and ironclad? This robot seems to believe in infinite possible variations of existence infinite forking paths in the garden of time And wonderfully its favourite definition of a human is “a creature who likes to talk most about what he knows least” Our “religious philosophical views are the conseuence of our biological structure bound by time we crave knowledge understanding answers” and this is why we invent stories and practice blind faith to connect the impossible with the possible to feel we know what we should know is unknowable “And what is science if not a surrender? Science is the acceptance of mortality of the randomness of the individual spawned by a static game of competing spermatozoa It’s an acceptance of the passing of the irreversible of the lack of any reward of a higher justice of final illumination”—this robot thinks such acceptance must logically inspire either fear or a sense of the absurd and it chooses the latter because it can afford to whereas humanity it implies cannot Can we? I'm looking at you Camus Can we focus on the absurdity the arbitrariness? What of it?But Burns doesn’t just harp on about humanity refusing to share details about the nature of machine intelligence The ostensible non linear explains “I may lack any moral instinct but I know when one ought to show compassion and I can discipline myself to do it By necessity you see So in a way I fill the void in myself through logic You might say I obey a ‘bogus morality’ a facsimile so exact as to be authentic” The difference then? Robots “act by the logic of accepted norms not by instinct” Humans in this robot’s view obey almost nothing but their impulses And that is how Pirx prevails in the end over a devious little rascal of a non linear with aspirations to world domination an impulse which he struggles later to explain to remain silent inert when all logic points to action But our impulses—the illogic that defines our humanity our empathy our love—fail us time and time again Indeed Burns hints that human morality is in a way morally inferior to machine logic as technological advancement enables ever greater social anonymity and destructive capability the human psyche stays the same if not worsens in terms of moral aspiration humans persistently struggle to extend compassion to strangers the glow of our “moral responsibility barely grazes the first few links in the chain of cause and effect” Well now that that’s on the table how does it all hold up to Asimov’s Three Laws of Robotics? Let’s see 1 A robot may not injure a human being or through inaction allow a human being to come to harm Clearly that is not the case in Pirx’s world Robots do not perpetrate crime because it is illogical impractical For now 2 A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law This holds up in a way It is not so much that computers are bound to obey orders as some sort of defining principle Rather their programming defines their responses to human instruction; they are programmed to perform certain functions their logic is to fulfill those functions and they obey orders insofar as to do so is necessary for the performance of those pre programmed functions In both Asimov’s and Lem’s conception machine decision making processes are purely a uestion of mathematics yet mathematicians are often unable to predict or explain machine behaviour And in both as the artificial “brains” become and complex as the functions the robots are designed to serve expand so do the machines' capacities to behave in wholly unanticipated ways circumventing human instructions both intentionally and unintentionally 3 A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Laws While the machine in “The Hunt” at one point demonstrates excellently the way in which the First Law trumps the Third Law in a proper functioning Asimovian robot it does so after a long stretch of disobeying this entirely that is not merely putting its survival above the life of humans but its function Perhaps it is entirely unaware of the humanity of its casualties—this actually seems likely—but still there’s nothing First or Third Law like at all about Lem’s robots Although Lem doesn’t necessarily imply this I agree with his vision if machine intelligence is to be a worthy replica of human intelligence machines cannot be limited at the most fundamental level by bright line rules like the Three Laws; such limits may be wholly inconsistent with the kind of intelligence bestowed in machines in Asimov’s robot stories In that sense and others Lem’s perspective is a little removed and significantly nuanced although he wrote far fewer robot storiesWell this turned out WAY longer than I intended Flipping back through the book I realized how much I enjoyed some of the uotes So here’s a nice one to conclude with something for you valued Reader to think about a parting gift courtesy of Lem from the perspective of Burns the ostensible robot “Man is a perfectly astigmatic creature” “It was inevitable given your type of evolution Consciousness is a product of the brain sufficiently isolated to constitute a subjective entity but an entity that is an illusion of introspection borne along like an iceberg on the ocean It is never grasped directly but sometimes it is so noticeably present that it is probed by the conscious faculty From that very probing the devil was born—as a projection of something that though actively present in the brain can’t be located like a thought or a hand”

  3. says:

    I like Pirx the Pilot First off he's a spaceman working the dangerous but necessary profession of space transport His universe isn't like the clean Art Deco inspired spaceships of the traditional Star Trek franchise It could be right around the corner in a gas station bay a machine shop or the engine of a small tramp steamer; capable but messy Secondly the man himself teems with thoughts and ideas but show little of this to those around him Only we the readers see the metal gyrations that he goes through while resolving the dilemma or mystery that faces him For ultimately each tale is a mystery that Pirx must solve and he does so in his very uniue way And last but not least Mr Lem crafts each tale with ingenuity and hidden depths that draw the reader inThis is the second collection of stories about Pirx The first book Tales of Pirx the Pilot dealt with his training and early missions In these five tales we read about his working days as a seasoned spaceman In each Pirx confronts an unlikely but deadly or potentially so situation The author spins a strange and provocative story in each Whether the phrasing is a result of translation or a faithful copy of how Mr Lem wants the story to flow my bet I find the pacing to be different than contemporaneous American science fiction Its one of the things that sets the tone of the universe that Pirx inhabitsIn the first his crew is stricken by illness the mumps with just a couple of others unaffected to man the essential stations But because of their individual foibles one a bootlegger and a drunk another unualified etc Pirx must stage manage them through a return voyage Sounds pretty ho hum until Pirx realizes that he has encountered the first indisputable proof of advanced alien civilization It's the greatest discovery ever but through no fault of his own it will elude mankind foreverTwo of the others involve robots as commonly depicted in SF literature television and movies In one case Pirx an accomplished climber it seems discovers that a missing exploration robot has shown an initiative that surprises all of them It has resulted in the destruction of the robot but this is only discovered when Pirx realizes why the robot had set off on its journey His two companions would not and indeed cannot comprehend his insight after all it was only a machine The other robot is a heavy duty mining and construction model that suffers damage to its brain during a severe moonuake Pirx helps a collection of scientists and workers track and locate the killer it has lasered several men to death The task is difficult the robot is rugged designed for the lunar environment and has an invisible very high power laser that can cut you down before you know it has fired In the end another person makes the kill but not before Pirx has created a kind of rapport with itThe fourth story involves humanoid robots one would likely imagine them as androids that are described as nonlinears by themselves and their creators its the slang of the day Pirx is asked to take a crew of strangers into space that will contain some actual humans and some nonlinears He's not supposed to know which are which but he is asked to keenly observe their actions Pirx understands that those in power would like to use such nonlinears to replace men in many professions including his own Pirx tries to be an honest man but a few crew members come to him in confidence to reveal themselves or label others The essence of this tale is psychological because the machines are good enough to fool an observer An ordinary writer would just proceed with the story and Pirx's solution but not Mr Lem He begins this tale with an formal case where Pirx is up on charges of negligence; the result of his allowing a situation to develop where the humans and nonlinears were put to an extreme test You'll have to read the book to see what happensThe last tale involves another psychological dilemma A new monster spacecraft comes in to land on Mars All goes well until the last few kilometers then all hell breaks loose The ship begins to lose trim the onboard computer announces an imminent meteorite impact and switches to full main drive power the ship goes out of control and dives into the surface killing all aboard Pirx is the only trained pilot who sees the disaster and has access to the ground and ship based records such as they are and he is asked to stay over and participate in the investigation To make things interesting there are two identical sister ships on their way scheduled to land in a few days Its a tense couple of days as the Mars based members of the commission are set against the Earth based ones including representatives of the shipyard that built the vessels Although the factual evidence is slight Pirx uncovers the why behind the crash but only after dredging up memories from his own pastLike many other widely esteemed authors Stanislaw Lem is a man who trained for another profession but had a greater love for writing His style is unmistakable and his concepts and plots are among the best When I read several of his books long ago I liked them but perhaps did not appreciate them as much as today Sure I like Pirx himself will read trashy sci fi but I generally enjoy the good stuff better More Tales of Pirx the Pilot is definitely one of the better books to read

  4. says:

    Call it 35 stars on average though some stories are 4 and some 3Once again Lem’s tales of Pirx are mainly focused on the fallibility of man as revealed by the fallibility all too often neglected by sci fi writers of his machines The collection leads off with “Pirx’s Tale” intended to destroy any expectations the reader may have of romance or adventure in space Pirx starts by confessing that he likes to read trashy obviously untrue science fiction full of adventures as a distraction from the reality of space which is that “the days of space adventurers were over because for the most part there weren’t any adventures to be had” He then goes on to describe his first job collecting junked hulls in Mercury orbit to be returned to Earth to be melted down for scrap The ship he pilots is only barely in better shape than the hulls he is picking up The crew are a collection of castoffs and anyway when the story proper written before the advent of vaccination in Poland I guess opens almost all are down with the mumps with the exception of a radiotelegraph operator who is a drunkard and the second engineer who turns out to be a civil engineer rather than astronautical one Thus when news arrives of a meteorite swarm — from unusually another solar system — Pirx is essentially running the ship all by himself As a result there is nobody there to confirm his sighting of a gigantic ancient likely dead alien vehicle in the center of the swarm and the tape that was supposed to be recording the data has run out and due to an oversight caused by all the work Pirx has had to do in single handedly dealing with the rustbucket ship not been replaced Plus the only reason Pirx was able to get a good look at the object is that he is to save money illegally flying in the plane of the ecliptic and as a young pilot the resulting to do might well end his career Therefore Pirx opts not to report his sighting and a great space adventure is forestalled by a combination of bad luck incompetence penny pinching and technical problems It’s a brilliant statement of Lem’s attitude towards science fiction“The Accident” pivots towards the collection’s sub theme robots The story starts with a nice breakdown of how three people in close uarters for two months can start to annoy each other no end However the second half is a long description of rock climbing that I found kind of boring The point about the titular accident being caused by programming which was in a way too successful rather than buggy is well made but the emphasis on the rock climbing seems unnecessary“The Hunt” starts in a similar fashion to “Pirx’s Tale” Pirx arrives at the Moon but a mixup means that his cargo isn’t there he has to argue with the bureaucrats to get a room at Luna Base deal with the time change that suddenly shifts him from noon shipboard time to 10 pm lunar time eat a mediocre meal at the hotel restaurant and then go to his cramped uncomfortable room without hot water Lem even has him say that “these were not the romantic days of astronautics” Which makes it a bit surprising when the next morning an announcement summons all men with military training Pirx goes feeling that this is simply of his usual bad luck and making fun of the possibility of derring do The problem turns out to be a malfunctioning mining robot a Setaur damaged in an unexpected meteor shower another chance to point out the fallibility of modern science predictions of meter showers on the Moon are just as poor as weather predictions on Earth Pirx complains and now apparently gone rogue it has already killed at least one person The handful of men with military training — there are no enemies to fight on the moon so there aren’t many — are mobilized with what weapons can be improvised to track it down In fact it turns out that the Setaur malfunctioning though it is is better euipped as a hunter than the humans making it a little ambiguous at times who is hunting who Indeed for Pirx the hunt itself is largely uncomfortable and confusing Communications are hampered by solar activity which makes the use of satellite transmission impossible; finding the Setaur is very difficult due to the terrain and the presence of metal junk everywhere; the jury rigged weapons are likely to be useless against a small mobile target; the transporter they travel in imposes considerably physical discomfort The whole thing has the uality of a highly technical bad dream especially given the increasing identification between Pirx and the Setaur To say that Pirx survives and the Setaur does not is not to spoil anything what matters is the identification between man and machine an identification that is made even stronger Lem insists when the machine malfunctions“The Inuest” tries to get at the same uestions but doesn’t do as good a job In this case the robots are extremely human like androids which leads Lem into a lot of unnecessary and not particularly enlightening noodling about the real nature of humanity The story itself a murder mystery of sorts isn’t bad but the conclusion that Pirx triumphs thanks to the unpredictable bumbling of human nature is somewhat mechanistic despite Lem’s desire to demonstrate how non mechanical people are In a way it’s probably easier to interrogate human nature via the obviously non human Setaur from “The Hunt”“Ananke” starts out in typical fashion demolishing a romantic notion of space exploration in this case the focus is Mars which Pirx declares to himself is a fraud The fraudulence of the dream of Mars and its canals is a proof of the frailty of human nature and it is by meditating on said frailty that Pirx is in the end enabled to discover the software bug that is at the center of the story Bugs are a dominant feature of our interactions with all sorts of devices one that has not diminished one bit as the sophistication of our computers increase so it continues to surprise me how rarely they play an important role in science fiction stories The only problem with the story in fact is Lem’s overly mechanistic attitude towards human psychology for the story it’s perhaps necessary that “a man’s personality can be laid bare distilled reduced to a handful of reflexes as pitiful as they were inescapable” but I don’t think that this is not a particularly accurate description of the functioning of actual human beings Nonetheless the elegiac wistful tone of the story with its constant references to the astronomers who fought for centuries over the uestion of whether or not Mars had canals only for the very idea to be discarded out of hand makes for a fitting conclusion to a collection of stories which try to do to Buck Rogers what modern astronomy did to Schiaparelli

  5. says:

    I was just recently thinking about how science fiction authors tend to forget how variable the distance between the planets is especially those beyond Earth’s orbit that Mars for example varies from 54 million kilometers to 401 million kilometers from the Earth and the Moon A trip that might take seven days when Mars is near would take almost two months when Mars is far—with similar increases in fuel useOf course I should have expected Lem to do so And not as the technical background of a story but the political background With Mars moving further from the earth super freighters become essential both to get as many supplies as possible to Mars while it is still relatively inexpensive and I suspect to keep supply costs down as fuel costs rise Pirx as a captain of a smaller ship recognizes what’s happening But is still elated at the sight of those technological wondersThe real transition in these stories however is the rise of the computer They are gaining than just intelligence They are gaining laziness ambition and neuroses And Pirx nearing forty by the end of the book has seen the change—with an occasional front row seat

  6. says:

    Each story follows Pirx in a situation that involves his background as a space pilot After the first story the collection seems to focus on robots and computers and the concept of either how the robot evolves or how a computer responds to what we put into it It's hard to put a finger on this book It's clearly not as dense and philosophical as Lem's major works but it does have its moments It opens with a sense of being traditional hard science fiction but the technology is a little dated at times In short the work just feels a little uneven The weakest of the three is the middle story The Hunt while The Inuest is indeed a uniue look The first and second stories needed a strong third story to follow up and that seemed to be the problem There are times where I felt the fourth and fifth stories The Inuest and Ananke were uite strong but felt and this is a rare statement for me to make overwritten

  7. says:

    Although I gave this collection of stories a 4 overall it is worth noting that one of the short tales The Inuest was 5 star worthy It was phenomenal gripping and overall an excellent example of how sci fi can be written to withstand the test of time and delve into complex topics that span both generations and continents With the tale covering the intersection of AI robotics anthropomorphism and deception I kept thinking about how it would fit seamlessly along with episodes of the modern TV show Black Mirror an excellent show basically a modern day Twilight Zone despite The Inuest having been written in the 1960sThe collection considered as a whole was still great and as usual Lem did not disappoint I will have to keep working my way through his works as I have yet to come across writing of his that disagreed with me

  8. says:

    Five stories of Pirx the Pilot as a somewhat older man including the often anthologized story The Hunt; the writing is involved than the earlier stories but still essentially in a straightforward narrative style and hard science fiction about technology

  9. says:

    Very smart and very funny

  10. says:

    These were great

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