The Search For Modern China PDF ↠ For Modern eBook


The Search For Modern China [PDF / EPUB] The Search For Modern China In this widely acclaimed history of modern China, Jonathan Spence achieves a fine blend of narrative richness and efficiency Praised as a miracle of readability and scholarly authority, Jonathan Mirsk In this widely acclaimed history of modern China, For Modern eBook ´ Jonathan Spence achieves a fine blend of narrative richness and efficiency Praised as a miracle of readability and scholarly authority, Jonathan Mirsky The Search For Modern China offers a matchless introduction to China s history.


10 thoughts on “The Search For Modern China

  1. says:

    Mr Spence gets an A for this term paper Given my critical state of mind, my instinct is to find blatant fault, somehow, someway with this work unfortunately, I found none This book is an important reminder of the many complexities in Chinese history, a reminder of the error lurking in the pursuit of reductionist thought, for China is a poster child for complexity.I couldn t help but wonder, as I read along, just how little information I would retain in long term memory there s so much to f Mr Spence gets an A for this term paper Given my critical state of mind, my instinct is to find blatant fault, somehow, someway with this work unfortunately, I found none This book is an important reminder of the many complexities in Chinese history, a reminder of the error lurking in the pursuit of reductionist thought, for China is a poster child for complexity.I couldn t help but wonder, as I read along, just how little information I would retain in long term memory there s so much to feast on, to ponder, here Thanks to Mr Spence s effort, we can appreciate that the China story is muchinvolved and lengthy than that propagated through standard American socio political channels I m grateful for this read


  2. says:

    Probably the best, and certainly the most popular, history of China in the modern era i.e., post 1500 CE Spence s prose is straightforward and clean, and his method of following individual artists, writers, or activists through a given time period to illustrate general policy acts as an engine to drive the reader through long descriptions of economic policies and trade issues Further, Spence always aims to show how the past informs the present and how patterns of history overlap and repe Probably the best, and certainly the most popular, history of China in the modern era i.e., post 1500 CE Spence s prose is straightforward and clean, and his method of following individual artists, writers, or activists through a given time period to illustrate general policy acts as an engine to drive the reader through long descriptions of economic policies and trade issues Further, Spence always aims to show how the past informs the present and how patterns of history overlap and repeat Ultimately, Jonathan Spence finds the truest expression of Modern China in general in the voice of the people emerging through the perpetually centralized and often dictatorial government and in particular in the recent protests of 1919, 1930, 1976, 1979, 1986, and 1989


  3. says:

    Sonder is the term for the realisation that every person around you has an inner life as deep and meaningful as your own, and the explosion of complexity implied thereby Sometimes you just realise how little you know how absurdly deep the water goes past your shallow part of the pool Reading a book about China is kind of the same to realise that all of the historical and cultural knowledge you ve ever accumulated mostly ignores this area Greater China or the Sinosphere, so as not to tread o Sonder is the term for the realisation that every person around you has an inner life as deep and meaningful as your own, and the explosion of complexity implied thereby Sometimes you just realise how little you know how absurdly deep the water goes past your shallow part of the pool Reading a book about China is kind of the same to realise that all of the historical and cultural knowledge you ve ever accumulated mostly ignores this area Greater China or the Sinosphere, so as not to tread on Macauan or Taiwanese toes , and that you are, in fact, basically starting from zeroAn excellent and thorough history, which flows gracefully through some four centuries with authority, but without ever becoming a drag


  4. says:

    The ascent of contemporary China in some thirty years has fascinated and bewildered many, especially as the nation belies all western modern ideas of the enlightenment, such as Individual Freedom, Representative Democracy Onlookers fromliberal nations struggle to make sense of this rise that challenges the basic foundations of liberal democracies From that perspective, Spence s book which stops shortly after Tiananmen Square Massacre offers some explanation behind the Sinic love for or The ascent of contemporary China in some thirty years has fascinated and bewildered many, especially as the nation belies all western modern ideas of the enlightenment, such as Individual Freedom, Representative Democracy Onlookers fromliberal nations struggle to make sense of this rise that challenges the basic foundations of liberal democracies From that perspective, Spence s book which stops shortly after Tiananmen Square Massacre offers some explanation behind the Sinic love for order and bureaucracy, and their justifiable umbrage at the western world.Spence s greatest success here is how he plausibly showcases precedents for their cycles of revolutions, suppression of revolutions, further successful revolutions, reforms and further tightening of bureaucracy that forms the basis of his running theme the Chinese may be rich and industrialized, but can only be modern if they extricate themselves from the vicious cycle of revolution and tyranny


  5. says:

    Timeline1122 1234 Manchu Jurchens take northern China Jin dynasty 1368 Ming Dynasty established1550 Portugese establish presence in Macao.1559 Nurhaci born1570 Pirate attacks stopped in southern coast, Spain enters Manila1572 to 1620 Emperor Wanli of Ming Dynasty1590s Nurhacu leads tribesmen in Liaodong, eunuchs ascendent, Japan invades Korea1601 Silk weavers strike in Suzhou, porcelin workers strike in Jiangxi1604 Dongli Society founded, opposed corrupt eunuchs Infamous eunuch Wei Zhongxian Timeline1122 1234 Manchu Jurchens take northern China Jin dynasty 1368 Ming Dynasty established1550 Portugese establish presence in Macao.1559 Nurhaci born1570 Pirate attacks stopped in southern coast, Spain enters Manila1572 to 1620 Emperor Wanli of Ming Dynasty1590s Nurhacu leads tribesmen in Liaodong, eunuchs ascendent, Japan invades Korea1601 Silk weavers strike in Suzhou, porcelin workers strike in Jiangxi1604 Dongli Society founded, opposed corrupt eunuchs Infamous eunuch Wei Zhongxian1616 Nurhaci declares himself Khan of Jin Dynasty1620 Emperor Wanli dies, grandson Chongzhen enthroned1622 Chinese rebellions against Jin rule1625 Nurhaci takes Shenyang1626 Nurhaci dies, son Hong Taiji enthroned1632 Nurhaci takes Inner Mongolia1633 Ming generals defect to Hong Taiji1635 Rebel Li Zicheng The Dashing King leads conclave of rebel leaders1638 Rebel Li Zicheng takes Korea1642 Epidemics across China, Manchu takes Jinzhou after ten year siege1643 Hong Taiji dies, regent Dorgon ascends as leader of Manchus1644 Qing Dynasty Rebel Li Zicheng takes Peking, General Wu Sangui joins the Manchus,German Jesuit astronomer missionary Schall von Bell arrives1645 Manchus drive Li Zicheng to Jiangxi, installs boy Emperor ShunziRebel Li Zicheng dies, Rebel Zhang Xianzhong takes Chongqing and ChengduPirate merchant Zheng Chenggong a.k.a Koxinga sides with Ming1647 Rebel Zhang Xianzhong killed by Manchus1648 Prince of Gui declares Ming restoration1650 Qing suppresses restorationists Prince of Gui flees to Guangdong, then Burma1659 Pirate Koxinga fails to take Nanjing1661 Qing attacks Burma, capture and execute Ming nobles, eunuchs ousted, boy Emperor Kangxi enthroned at age 7, Oboi of the Four Regents appointed by Shunzi to oversee affairs, land displacement, Shunzi dies of smallpox1669 Oboi arrested and deposed for overreach1670s Galdan of the Zunghar people take Kashgar, Hami Turfan Dalai Lama was his spiritual leader1673 Three Feudatories rebel Wu Sangui for Yunnan Guizhou Hunan and Sichuan Shang Kexi for Guangdong and Guangxi Geng Jimao for Fujian Shang KeXi falls ill, passes authority to son Shang Zhixin Geng Jimao dies, passes authority to son Geng Jingzhong Wu Sangui declares his own Zhou dynasty1674 Wu Sangui attacks Hunan Geng Jinzhong attacks Zhejiang Shang Zhixin attacks Jiangxi.1678 Wu Sangui dies.1681 Emperor Kangxi defeats the Three Feudatories1683 Emperor Kangxi sends Admiral Shi Lang to attack and defeat the Koxinga Zhong family Notable scholars Wang Fuzhi under Prince Gui wrote of morality.Huang Zongxi of the Donglin Society wrote of statecraft.Gu Yanwu under Prince Fu wrote essays on Confucianism.Kong Shangren wrote The Peach Blossom fan 1689 Treaty at Nerchinsk establishes borders with Russia and extradition procedures.1696 Emperor Kangxi defeats Zunghar leader Galdan at Jao Modo.1692 Emperor Kangxi s edict of toleration for Christianity Jesuits, Franciscans and Dominicans arrive.1712 Emperor Kangxi s son Yinreng arrested for regicide conspiracy Tax reform based on headcount 1720 Kangxi army takes Lhasa, installs puppet Dalai Lama Cohong trade guild formed in Canton.1721 Qing army returning from Taiwan bring back opium.1722 Emperor Kangxi dies.1723 Emperor Yongzheng enthroned, is considered usurper, textile worker strike, sends General Oertai against Miao peoples.1728 General Oertai suppresses Guangxi tribesmen Scholar Chen Menglei publishes encyclopedia.1732 Emperor Yongzheng sends General Yue Zhongqi against Zunghars at Urumqi, fails.1736 to 1799 Emperor Qianlong enthroned at age 25 No controversy over succession, establishes local militia called the Green Standard.1738 Lifen Yuan Office of Border Affairs established to manage Northwestern issues 1740 Examination system fails to slow corruption.1759 Emperor Qianlong send Manchu bannerman Zhaohui to take Kashgar and Yarkand Attempt to subjugate begs Muslim tribal leaders Emperor patronizes Jesuit painter Giuseppe Castiglione Scholars of the Kaozheng search of evidence school re interpret Confucian tradition with textual criticism and empiricism Dream of the Red Chamber 1774 Rebel Wang Lun in Shandong province sides with Grand Canal barge pullers.1780 Heaven and Earth society in Taiwan revolts Muslim revolt in Gansu province.1788 Vietnamese Le Dynasty flees to Guanxi Emperor Qianlong attacks Nguyen usurpers and restores Le but is counter attacked on New Year s Day Heaven and Earth rebels in Taiwan defeated.1790 91 Gurkhas from Nepal attack Tiber but are driven back Corruption endemic Emperor Qianlong rud homosexual relationship with deputy general Heshen 1792 King George III and British East India Company sends China Lord George MacCarthy to Peking.1795 London Missionary Society1796 to 1820 Emperor Qianlong s son, Jiaqing enthroned.1799 White Lotus Society rebellion in Sichuan, Hubei, Shaanxi and Henan Emperor Qianlong abdicates.1813 Lin Qing cult attempts assassination in Peking.1821 1850 Emperor Daoguang1830 Rise of Heaven and Earth societies, progenitors of Triads.1836 Emperor Daoguang bans opium, appoints viceroy Lin Zexu to enforce drug laws1839 Lin Zexu orders cessation of foreign trade 1st Opium War1840 British fleet under Admiral George Eliot arrives1841 January agreement reached with Eliot but Britain believed he exceeded authority August Henry Pottinger arrives, seizes Xiamen Amoy , Ningbao, Zhousan Emperor Daoguang allows formation of Canton militias.1842 British forces capture Shanghai, Zhenjiang and Nanjing Treaty of Nanjing signed Pottinger as first governor of Hong Kong.1844 Treaty of Wanghia attracts US business Rebel Hong Xinquan attracts Hakka, Zhuang and Yao peoples.1850 Emperor Daoguang dies, Emperor XianFeng enthroned to 1861 Fails to suppress rebel Hong Xinquan at Thistle Mountain, Guangxi.1851 Taiping rebellion to 1864 Anti Manchu movements emerge Major flooding, Kaifeng dikes break, displaces Nian peoples.1852 Taiping rebels take Yuezho, Hankou Nian rebels form under Anhui warlord ZhangLuoxing.1853 Taiping rebels take Wuchang, Anqing and Nanking, major lieutenants emerge Yang Xiuqing and Shi Dakai Hunanese general Zeng Guofan leads Xiang Army against Taiping.1855 Hui peoples initiate jihad against Manchus 1856 Indian mutiny, 2nd Opium War, British seizes Canton1857 British and French forces at Battle of Canton1858 Treaty of Tianjin partially 2nd Opium War with extraterritoriality, indemnity and openingports.1859 Taiping rebels pick Hong Rengan as prime minister Tries to modernize territory under its control British attack Dagu Taku forts.1860 Lord Elgin s forces enter Peiking, burns Summer Palace Yuan Ming Yuan Mongol general Senggelinqin sent to suppress Nian rebels, encounters guerrilla tactics, kills Nian warlord ZhangLuoxing 1861 Palace coup, Xianfeng dies Emperor Tongzhi enthroned at age 5, China ruled by mother Cixi and uncle Prince Gong.1862 Chinese vs Muslims in Tonzhou and Xi an Shaanxi Prov 1863 Muslims take Kunming Lay Osborn Flotilla arrives to try and secure Taiping situation, dispute over chain of command, sent home1864 Qing troops attack Nanjing and defeat Taiping rebels.1865 General Zeng Guofeng s protege General Li Hongzhang acquires modern weapons.1866 Famine Anti Taiping leader Zuo Zongtang begins nation building and re planting projects in re conquered areas.1868 General Li Hongzhang defeats Nian, becomes powerful official SS Tianqi steamship launched 1869 Suez canal opens, trade disputes1871 General Zuo Zongtang defeat Muslim rebel Ma Hua Long in Jianbao.1873 Dali retaken from Muslim rebel Du Wenxi Sultan Suleiman Kingdom of Pacificed South a.k.a Pingnan Guo variant of Taiping Suzhou retaken.1867 Peking college opens1870 Tianjin massacre 16 missionaries and traders killed.1871 Los Angeles anti Chinese riot Korean treaty with West 1872 General Zeng Guofeng dies.1975 Emperor Tongzhi dies.1876 Wenxiong, another great statesman, dies Return of Qing conservatives 120 boys sent to Hartford Connecticut Empress Cixi appoints 3 year old nephew Guangxu as Emperor.1877 YanFu studies naval design, international law and Social Darwinism in England, translates Western works into Chinese.1879 Japan annexes Ryuku Islands 1882 President Chester A Arthur signs Chinese Exclusion Act.1884 French attacks Chinese forces at Annam Vietnam 1885 Rock Springs, Wyoming anti Chinese riot.1894 Japan seizes Korean royal family1895 Japan seizes Weihaiwei, sinks Qing fleet Treaty of Shimonseki with Li Hongzhong Sun Yat Sen s Revive China Society arrested after coup conspiracy with Marxists and anarchists Jinshi organized by Kang Youwei and nationalist leader Liang Qichao advocate for constitutional monachy Scholar Ti Yong attempts to synthesize Confucian principles with Western technology 1898 Reform movement emerges, 100 Days Reforms modernizes exam system Zhang Zhidong provincial reformer taps foreign loans to develop coal, iron and steel complexes in Hubei 1900 Boxer Rebellion Boxer protocol1901 New Army established, banner garrisons phased out.1903 ZouRong studies in Japan and writes The Revolutionary Army at age 19.1904 Japan defeats Russia at Lushan New Army up to strength October 9 Hankou bombing, revolutionaries revealed, military mutinies across China Sun Yat Sen stays with Hawaii Triad Society Revolutionary Alliance takes Nanjing.1905 LuXun pen name from Zhejiang copper worker strike joins Sun Yat Sen s Revolutionary Alliance Tongmeng Hui Reformer Kang Youwei advocates for preserving Emperor Guangxu under constitutional monarchy Empress Cixi sends constitutional study group to the West.1906 Qui Jin, female writer dressed as man is arrested as radical teacher and plotting coup against the Qing.1907 Mint worker strike Manchus attempt to reign in New Army Provincial governors executed.1908 Street vendors strike Empress Cixi and Guangxu dies Emperor Puyi enthroned.1909 Scholars of Jian Kanghu school attend 2nd International.1910 Leader of Beiyang Army, Yuan Shikai is re assigned to prevent coup.1911 Mass railway policy demonstration British opium undercut by local productions Protests strongest in treaty ports and concession areas.1912 Emperor PuYi abdicates, National Assembly convened, Sun Yat Sen abdicates.1913 KuoMingTang wins election, KMT leader Song Jiaoren assassinated by Yuan ShiKai, who forces new election for Parliament, KMT is dismissed In May, Yuan ShiKai sends General ZhongXun to attack pro KMT military governors President Wilson withdraws fro Boxer indemnity loan consortium, remits money to scholarship fund for Chinese students.1914 Parliament dissolved, provincial assemblies and local governments dissolves Industrialist Charlie Soong s daughter marries Sun Yat Sen Soong s other daughter marries industrialist HH Kong.1915 Japan issues 21 Demands.1916 Yuan ShiKai proclaims himself Emperor Yunnan, Guizhou and Guangxi declare indepedence Yuan ShiKai dies, is succeeded by Vice President Li Yuanhong who recalls Parliament 1917 Pro Qing leader General Zhang Xun enter Peiking in coup to restore PuYi in mid June Premier Duan QuRui uses Japanese loans Japan gains German concession in secret treaty.1918 China refuses to sign Versailles Treaty.1919 Li Dazhao s study group called the May 4 Movement adopts Marxism Drought and famine in Shandong, Henan and Shaanxi Tianmen Square Movement is formed by scholarly elite and protests the Versailles Treaty Pragmatists vs ideologues 1000 students including Zhou EnLai and Deng XiaoPeng go to Paris commune work study program.1920 Lenin sends Comintern Grigori Voitinski and Yang MingZhai to China, forming student groups and youth leagues.1921 1st Plenary meeting of the Chinese Communist Party in Shanghai Chen Duxiu elected Secretary General.1922 CCP votes for temporary alliance with KMT Mass migration to industrial cities, increasing labor strikes Warlords emerge Warlord Chen Jiongming ousted.1923 Soviet Union backs national reunification for China as buffer against Japan Sun Yat Set escapes to Canton, forms military government Comintern Borodin is sent as advisor to KMT, recommends Sun Yet Sen radicalize and rally population against warlord Chen JiongMing Now Russia is free from foreign domination thanks to Sovietization Whampoa Military Academy established.1924 Coup in Peiking Wu PeiFu ousted Zhang ZuoLin ascendent.1925 Sun Yat Sen dies Chiang Kai Shek, Whampoa officers and National Revolutionary Army rout warlords May 30 British fire in demonstrators in Shanghai General strike is called.1926 Northern Expedition against General Wu PeiFu KMT takes Wuhan, Nanjing and Hanzhou Manchu warlord Zhang Zuolin suppresses dissent in Shanghai and allies with former enemy Wu PeiFu to counter balance the Soviets Will complete timeline when I finish the book


  6. says:

    Jonathan Spence was my favorite author when I majored in Chinese History 30 years ago This was the first history book that I ever eagerly looked forward to being published It is the first one that I ever pre ordered.So, yes, I am a big fan of it.The Search for Modern China has since become one of the premiere primers in modern Chinese history It covers all of the major events and issues that helped to shape China over the last 500 years and if anybody is looking for a good overview of China Jonathan Spence was my favorite author when I majored in Chinese History 30 years ago This was the first history book that I ever eagerly looked forward to being published It is the first one that I ever pre ordered.So, yes, I am a big fan of it.The Search for Modern China has since become one of the premiere primers in modern Chinese history It covers all of the major events and issues that helped to shape China over the last 500 years and if anybody is looking for a good overview of China, this is it.Unfortunately, while my memory of Chinese history is not what it was 30 years ago and this book reminded me of how much I forgot I couldn t read this book and not think of all the parts that are missing.It impressed me with how much I remembered It frustrated me with how much I had forgotten Too often I found myself thinking, I remember this, there isto this story but couldn t remember the details.Another personal challenge When I studied Chinese History was the period where American Academia was making the shift between Wade Giles and Pinyin as the preferred Romanization Most of this book is Pinyin, but a few of the older names are Wade Giles One of my challenges was trying to figure out who certain people were because most of the books I read were still using Wade Giles Classic example Peking Wade Giles and Beijing Pinyin the name of the capital of China never changed Nor did the pronounciation Peking actually gives you a closer approximation to the pronunciation of the capital than Beijing, but you have to know that the P has a Bay sound and the k has a j sound A person who knows how to sound out Wade Giles will sound Peking closer to the actual pronounciation than Beijing But most Westerners pronounced it Pee King, not Beijing Pinyin sacrafices some of the accuracy that Wade Giles provided, but gets the average person closer to the correct pronounciation


  7. says:

    This is a REALLY well written book First time I read it was for a course on the history of Modern China at my alma mater, Northwestern University I think I took the course in 2010 And by modern they mean, post 1500 in the common era, i.e., ONLY in China is the Modern era dated back to after the Fall of Constantinople I wishhistory books were this well written.That said, I m currently refreshing my knowledge i.e., am listening to the audio file via my iphone, while getting stuf This is a REALLY well written book First time I read it was for a course on the history of Modern China at my alma mater, Northwestern University I think I took the course in 2010 And by modern they mean, post 1500 in the common era, i.e., ONLY in China is the Modern era dated back to after the Fall of Constantinople I wishhistory books were this well written.That said, I m currently refreshing my knowledge i.e., am listening to the audio file via my iphone, while getting stuff done, and I have to say the narrator is HORRIBLE SOOOOOO glad I digitally borrowed this from the library instead of buying it fromHe is this really hoity toity sounding Brit who is so annoying I just want to smack him That said, looking at reviews of his performance by others, Chinese listeners are complaining that he mispronounces ALL the Chinese words


  8. says:

    In this monumental and detailed history of China from 1600 1990, Spence traces the many strands that have influenced the changes and development of this complex nation He discusses China s internal conditions, its sociological and philosophical foundations and trends, and its often paranoid and contradictory relationships with the world around it Personalities come alive, including those figures who played pivotal roles in the often confusing political history, and Spence also highlights figur In this monumental and detailed history of China from 1600 1990, Spence traces the many strands that have influenced the changes and development of this complex nation He discusses China s internal conditions, its sociological and philosophical foundations and trends, and its often paranoid and contradictory relationships with the world around it Personalities come alive, including those figures who played pivotal roles in the often confusing political history, and Spence also highlights figures whose critiques of and opposition to the directions of change were often futile at the time but influential in subtle ways over the long trajectory of national development Major political giants like Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping are given the attention their importance deserves, although the reader is often left puzzling about the underlying personalities and motivations of such leaders Spence s writing is clear and organized, lending clarity to a narrative that, in its unfamiliarity to many Western readers, might have proved inordinately confusing For those unfamiliar with Chinese history over this period of time, this book provides an excellent overview on which to base further evendetailed study For those with existing familiarity with recent Chinese history, this is an excellent and comprehensive review For all of us, a knowledge of this subject is important if we are to understand this large and important nation Since the narrative stops at 1990, when the work was published, the interested reader will need to supplement it with a work highlighting the further events in China during the past two decades


  9. says:

    Jonathan Spence is a famous scholar in Chinese History This book is very detailed and some parts can be a little too academic to read The book is also no lack of details of individuals, so it s mostly quite readable as well I especially like his attitude as a historian, as far as my judgement goes.


  10. says:

    It is very long, very detailed and ends just before modern China gets really interesting after 1989.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *