Bumi Manusia MOBI ß Paperback

Bumi Manusia [PDF / EPUB] Bumi Manusia Roman Tetralogi Buru mengambil latar belakang dan cikal bakal nation Indonesia di awal abad ke 20 Dengan membacanya waktu kita dibalikkan sedemikian rupa dan hidup di era membibitnya pergerakan nasion Roman Tetralogi Buru mengambil latar belakang dan cikal bakal nation Indonesia di awal abad ke Dengan membacanya waktu kita dibalikkan sedemikian rupa dan hidup di era membibitnya pergerakan nasional mula mula juga pertautan rasa kegamangan jiwa percintaan dan pertarungan kekuatan anonim para srikandi yang mengawal penyemaian bangunan nasional yang kemudian kelak melahirkan Indonesia modernRoman bagian pertama; Bumi Manusia sebagai periode penyemaian dan kegelisahan dimana Minke sebagai aktor sekaligus kreator adalah manusia berdarah priyayi yang semampu mungkin keluar dari kepompong kejawaannya menuju manusia yang bebas dan merdeka di sudut lain membelah jiwa ke Eropa an yang menjadi simbol dan kiblat dari ketinggian pengetahuan dan peradabanPram menggambarkan sebuah adegan antara Minke dengan ayahnya yang sangat sentimentil Aku mengangkat sembah sebagaimana biasa aku lihat dilakukan punggawa terhadap kakekku dan nenekku dan orangtuaku waktu lebaran Dan yang sekarang tak juga kuturunkan sebelum Bupati itu duduk enak di tempatnya Dalam mengangkat sembah serasa hilang seluruh ilmu dan pengetahuan yang kupelajari tahun demi tahun belakangan ini Hilang indahnya dunia sebagaimana dijanjikan oleh kemajuan ilmu Sembah pengagungan pada leluhur dan pembesar melalui perendahan dan penghinaan diri Sampai sedatar tanah kalau mungkin Uh anak cucuku tak kurelakan menjalani kehinaan iniKita kalah Ma bisikkuKita telah melawan Nak Nyo sebaik baiknya sehormat hormatnya.

10 thoughts on “Bumi Manusia

  1. says:

    If this is a great work of literature Its greatness eluded me But I enjoyed the book learning a bit of Indonesian history and imagining what life would've been like for Natives under Dutch colonial rule

  2. says:

    This Earth of Mankind is the first novel of the Buru uartet so called because it was composed when Pramoedya Ananta Toer was a political prisoner on Buru Island in the 60s I say ‘composed’ rather than ‘written’ because the first version of it was told orally to his fellow prisoners He had apparently just about finished the research and planning when he was arrested and all his notes and books were destroyedWhich is an immediately intriguing back story although the relationship between the novel and his imprisonment is not particularly direct in that Pramoedya was imprisoned by Suharto’s military dictatorship as part of an anti Communist purge whereas the novel is set at the very end of the C19th — 1898 in fact — in a Java which is part of the Dutch East IndiesStill it is among other things a clearly political novel; it deals with the political awakening of a young man growing up in a society structured as a formal racial hierarchy with ‘Natives’ at the bottom ‘Pures’ ie Europeans at the top and a layer of ‘Indos’ Indo European mixed race stuck in the middle operating as a local eliteThe hero of the novel is a Native but an unusually privileged one; because of the importance of his family he is the only Native at an elite high school for Europeans and Indos So he’s awkwardly positioned in between worlds brought up to believe that his European education makes him better than other Natives But of course when he comes into conflict with the establishment he discovers how fragile his privilege is and how much he is dependent on the goodwill of the colonial powersI enjoyed it; it reminded me rather of one of those European novels from between the world wars with a whiff of melodrama and characters having long wordy conversations about ideas Slightly old fashioned but in a good way I’m certainly tempted to pick up the second in the uartet This Earth of Mankind is my book from Indonesia for the Read The World challenge it feels very weird to keep capitalising ‘Native’ like that but I’m following the practice of the novel or the translation which capitalises the racial terms to emphasise their formal legal status

  3. says:

    Pretty awful as a work of literary fiction or else a truly terrible translation of a masterpiece? but interesting as an anthropological document of colonial era Java

  4. says:

    Pramoedya Ananta Toer's This Earth of Mankind is a deeply spirited coming of age tale of a native Javanese set in the Dutch East Indies or Colonial Indonesia Pieced together from orally mastered parts composed while a political prisoner Ananta Toer's work is a vital contribution to the vastly hindered landscape of Indonesian literatureBefore anything else I just want to point out something that bothers me While browsing through the author's page I noticed that the second sentence of Ananta Toer's profile here in Goodreads says A well regarded writer in the West Why does this have to be highlighted when his literary accomplishments for Indonesia actually carry a greater significance? Xenocentrism and Western Validation are exactly against the spirit of what his writings embody self belief and pride in the native Indonesian This needs to be fixed Going back I really wanted this to be a great piece of literature outside of its sociopolitical sphere as a deeply important work for its political and social commentary on the Dutch oppression of the native Indonesian during their colonial rule However when judged purely on its merits as a written piece of fiction there is a lot left to be desired But that is not to discount the good that it bringsThe hero of this tale is Minke a very priveledged native who is given a European education because of his family's wealth and political influence He is basically treated as a superman given the ualities of being highly intelligent verbose and even strikingly handsome He is a Javanese Casanova envied by all including his European peers While I understand the need to uplift Minke as a character symbolizing the innate capacity of the native Indonesian to excel somehow all this together seemed uite excessive A character not lacking in anything is unrealistic and importantly boring So when the Indo or mixed blooded heroine falls madly in love with Minke on their very first meeting it seemed a bit contrived Basically four fifths of the book revolve on exhibiting Minke's flawless perfection and then the last fifth is where the actual conflict in the story occurs I know that this is a uartet and there are three books to the story but as a stand alone piece there are some chapters that could have been compressed or even cut altogether On top of that some loose ends are haphazardly tied with a single passing sentence I don't know if some things were lost in translation but that could very well be a possibilityNow don't take my criticisms to say that I dislike the book in fact I rather enjoyed it The nuances of pre colonial Indonesian culture and how it adapted to the Dutch regime is fascinating to explore And this book's strong female characters except for the often drugged heroine reflect the common trait of strength that the female Malay are renowned for And when you finally get to the conflict and what ultimately happens you realize that the gravity it carries from its resilient people is well deserved Pramoedya Ananta Toer devoted his life to Indonesian literature While he may not have written a perfect book his patriotic intentions are clearly perceived Thus if to paint his native countrymen in a flawed perfection is his crime then the fault lies with this foreign beholder

  5. says:

    This book English title The Earth of Mankind was recommended by an academic friend who learned Indonesian to read it in the author's native language impressive The subject is serious a love affair between a pure blood Javanese and a mixed race Indo set against the backdrop of the emergence of Indonesian anti colonial sentiment near the start of the 20th century Unfortunately I found the almost soap opera ish style hard to get accustomed to

  6. says:

    In all honesty I didn’t like the novel as much as I liked the other two reuired reading novels for Oriental Literature class “The Temple of the Golden Pavilion” and “The Rope of Ash” nor do I think it is as impressive as the other Asian Literary works that we have read in class like the short stories of Lu Xun The first few parts actually didn’t get my attention There are points in the story that I asked myself where the book was getting at or what it is trying to say I know it is a post colonial literature so naturally I was looking for a Political commentary but was disappointed that I got a love story that lacks backbone Minke and Annelies fell inlove immediately after they met and I am not really a fan of the kind of story I was annoyed by Annelies She was being immature and helpless She was very anti feminist and she doesn’t do much except become sick and follow Minke around She was so weak and needy But I liked reading about everyone else especially the European friends of Minke who supplied the information about colonial Indonesia The Mellema’s family doctor Dr Martinet who explained the condition of Annelies and what the author was trying to communicate when he wrote about Annelies and the La Croix sisters who were trying to help Minke become a successful Javanese who could lead Indonesia to rebel against Dutch rule They supplied vital ideas and information not only to Minke but to the readers as well I liked that I get to learn about the condition of Java during the Dutch rule and was sad to discover that their condition is as worse as the Philippines have experienced during the Spanish Japanese and American rule The natives although it is their land are being oppressed by the colonizers the trespassers The natives are being denied of their rights in their own land and the colonizers thinking that they are superior in every way I think the writer was brilliant when he wrote this story as a ‘love story’ to hide his political commentaries As a result it wasn’t nauseating to read unlike other political novelsThe Malay culture isn’t really presented much either There is no vivid picture on what Java is like before the Dutch conuered Indonesia except when Minke’s family would appear in the book like Minke and Annelies’ wedding The author gave a very vivid picture of the event and it was very exciting to read because their customs when it comes to weddings are different from what we have here in the Philippines What I like most about reading the novel is that I get to learn about Indonesia the History and their Culture It is a part of Asia of home that in all honesty I wasn’t very familiar with I have been reading too much Western novel and I was surprise that I found this book rather strange when I’m Asian and a Malay at that We are very Western indeed and it is sad that we did not keep our culture Our culture is probably as colourful or as different as that of other Asian countries and if we kept our culture it would probably keep us grounded just like what the Malayan culture has made Minke and Nyai as they are Their education is that of the West but their heart and morals remained Javanese That made them not just tough but humble as well Robert Mellema has the the mind of a Westerner and look at what happened to him Nyai and Minke although defeated fought with dignity and fought for what they believe is right and fair I think this is a call for Indonesia and maybe to all parts of Asia to fight against Western rule The author thinks it is okay to be educated by the West because the Asians could use this education as a tool for rebellion but it is also important to keep our Asian morals that is uniue Our morals our culture and traditions not only defines our identity as Asians but it keeps us grounded always reminding as that it is not power that we want but Freedom Freedom to practice our religion our culture our tradition Freedom to live and rule our own land Freedom to be who we are I'm not a very good writer am I? P

  7. says:

    Three stars because it introduced me to a slice of Javanese Indonesian history and Dutch colonialism there but was a difficult read at times Though Toer takes a pretty clear side against the Dutch and its imperialism he gives a complex telling and analysis of Javanese life However the language felt a bit old which it is and so got got a little repetitive and dry Still it's worth reading and admiring the clarity that Toer had at the time in looking at his country

  8. says:

    This is a long delayed review partly because I must admit I never finished reading it and partly because I so wanted to like this Indonesian author having read about his time as a political prisoner in the 1960s As a history teacher I did appreciate how Ananta Toer captures 19th Century colonial life and the caste like system that was instituted by the Dutch The romantic story between the native Javanese boy and the mixed race girl at the centre of the novel however did not feel realistic to me and that is why time and time again I could only read a chapter or two before putting the book down

  9. says:

    I got this book to read while I was on Java I didn't dislike it but it definitely dragged I was also hoping for something that would give me of a feel for the island than this did akin to The Gift of Rain or Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil in terms of being really steeped in the setting

  10. says:

    First thanks to Sara Maria and Manu hard as this is for me to do a debt is a debt for encouraging me to read the Buru urtet These four books and Max Havelaar made for superb summer reading All the book covers say that Toer is Asia's leading candidate for the Nobel Prize I have no doubts about that This not because he is a great stylist of prose at least not in the English translation nor because he uncovers new ground in form Rather I think it is Toer's ambition and vast knowledge that is astounding Somewhere in the back of my mind I recall the statement that Benedict Anderson he of Imagined Communities fame was influenced by Toer I can see that In the first three books Toer is developing a theory of colonial resistance and colonial consciousness He also formulates a theory of nationalism All this is done within dramatic plots and very engaging characters I continue to believe that some of the best third world theorizing is done through fictionThe strength and weakness of the four novels is the vast amount of detail that Toer offers You will learn about Dutch Indonesia than you ever thought was possible These details had the effect of completely transporting into a different time and place I kept thinking to myself Why is it that I know next to nothing about Southeast Asia's struggle with the Dutch colonialism? Reading these books was like looking out at your back yard and realizing that in it there is a trail that leads to whole another dimension The fourth novel House of Glass was rather unsettling for me First the point of view shifts The first three books are written from the point of view of Minke a gifted native who internalizes the Dutch and Western norms of his white education and who comes to see the impossibility of realizing the values of euality and justice within the colonial setting House of Glass shifts the point of view to another native but one who is a collaborationist In some ways this novel reminds me a bit of the first essay in Memmi's colonizer and the colonized Second it is not difficult to identify with the tragedy that befalls Minke since his character has integrity But the collaborationist in House of Glass while intelligent falls further and further into self hatred I found the fourth book emotionally difficultAll in all an enthralling experience I am very impressed with Toer's historical and theoretical grasp although I wished he had done work on the daily operations of the sugar factories that ruled Indonesia

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