Господа Головлевы PDF ß


Господа Головлевы [PDF / EPUB] Господа Головлевы Searingly hot in the summer bitterly cold in the winter the ancestral estate of the Golovlyov family is the end of the road There Anna Petrovna rules with an iron hand over her servants and family unt Searingly hot in the summer bitterly cold in the winter the ancestral estate of the Golovlyov family is the end of the road There Anna Petrovna rules with an iron hand over her servants and family until she loses power to the relentless scheming of her hypocritical son Porphyry One of the great classic novels of Russian literature The Golovlyov Family is a vivid picture of a condemned and isolated outpost of civilization that for contemporary readers will recall the otherwordly reality of Macondo in Gabriel García Máruez's One Hundred Years of Solitude.


10 thoughts on “Господа Головлевы

  1. says:

    Neither minds nor souls could keep their secrets from Mikhail Saltykov Shchedrin and all those pitiful secrets were boldly revealed in this brilliant novelWe Russians have no strongly biased systems of education We are not drilled we are not trained to be champions and propagandists of this or that set of moral principles but are simply allowed to grow as nettles grow by a fence This is why there are very few hypocrites among us and very many liars bigots and babblersThere is no thrift – there is greed To obtain and simply for the sake of having than the othersThere is no knowledge – there are rumours hearsay and superstitionsThere is no faith – there is sanctimonyIt must not be imagined that Iudushka was a hypocrite in the same sense as Tartuffe or any modern French bourgeois who goes off into flights of elouence on the subject of social morality No he was a hypocrite of a purely Russian sort that is simply a man devoid of all moral standards knowing no truth other than the copy book precepts He was pettifogging deceitful louacious boundlessly ignorant and afraid of the devil All these ualities are merely negative and can supply no stable material for real hypocrisyAnd this atmosphere is stifling – one can’t exist in it one simply suffocates There is no purpose and the living is emptyAnd the only remedy for the emptiness of soul is drunkennessAnd the drunkenness is a straight road to devastation


  2. says:

    Господа Головлёвы Gospoda Golovlyovy The Golovlyov Family novel 1880 Mikhail Yevgrafovich Saltykov ShchedrinThe Golovlyov Family is a novel by Mikhail Saltykov Shchedrin written in the course of five years first published in 1880 by Alexey Suvorin's publishing house and generally regarded as the author's magnum opusIn the mid 19th century old fashioned estate based on serfdom laws and traditions tough and shrewd Arina Petrovna tries her best to make her realm prosper and even expand – despite unwillingness of her husband and three of her four children to lend helping hands Ten years on serfdom abolished and now Porfiry Yudishka the epitome of a corrupt cruel hypocrite becomes the heir to the estate Dullness and horrors of life spent in destroying everybody around him finally makes him to slowly realize things went somehow wrong Half mad apparently he goes to the cemetery to ask for forgiveness from his mother Arina Petrovna and dies somewhere along his way his frozen corpse found the next day تاریخ نخستین خوانش سال 1976 میلادیعنوان میراث شوم؛ نویسنده میخائیل یوگرافوویچ سالتیکوف شچدرین؛ مترجم عبدالحسین شریفیان؛ تهران، آگاه، فرانکلین، چاپ دوم 1355؛ در 344 ص؛ چاپ دیگر تهران، علمی فرهنگی، 1395؛ در 417 ص؛ شابک 9786004361729؛ موضوع داستانهای نویسندگان روسیه سده 19 معنوان اصلی کتاب خاندان گالاولیف خاندان گولولیون؛ آه یهودا گالاولیف دیدی به کجا رسیدی؟ کتاب «میراث شوم» اثر سالتیکوف شچدرین داستان خاندان گالاولیف است و در واقع شرح انحطاط طبقه نجبا و مالکان آن عصر روسیه است آرینا پتروونا که گذشته از حرکت و کردار رعایای خود میتوانست ژرفترین افکار درونشان را بخواند ناگهان بو برد مشکلی پیدا شده است در حالیکه سخت به مباشر خيره شده بود گفت «دیگر چه خبر است؟» آنتون واسیلیف، با زبانبازی گفت «عرضی نداشتم» «دروغ نگو هنوز هم چيزهایی هست از چشمانت پيداست» ولی آنتون واسیلیف نتوانست چیزی بگوید و این پا آن پا شد ؛ ا شربیانی


  3. says:

    Evil unaware of its own evil is in many ways the most insidious evil It surrounds us It infiltrates us It is in us It is a pervasive largely invisible miasma that is restless and tireless It is a relentless sociopathy It is a plague that can also ironically be funny but if we’re lucky only up to a point The socially maladapted boss who masks his awkwardness with trivial bloviating sparked here and there with bon mots and seemingly unintentionally sharp observations giving the impression of a manifestation of a vital life force can be funny and can supply his underlings with countless opportunities to titter behind his back but he might also be satan incarnate an embodiment of corporate nonpersonhood who has not a drop of humanity in his veins who would shrug off your terminal suffering as so much petty inconvenience and turn to count the number of coins he would gain by your death and move on to the next scene of death and destruction unfazed These people are everywhere If we’re lucky we will recognize them early and steer clear as much as is humanly possible and close ourselves to them while avoiding total cynicism which is an anti viral embodiment of the very evil it scorns We can protect ourselves by constant awareness and humanity and productive application of our energies as Saltykov did by harnessing his effervescent bile to produce this book This brand of evil that he offers us is everywhere which is why I did not read The Golovlovs as satire or as caricature Judas the almost unconsciously malicious patriarch of a slowly decaying estate is as real to me as my own uncle or my next door neighbor Saltykov spares nothing in his analytical skewering of this tragi comic bastard He fills his mouth with endless blather that is at first comic but as its verbal virus spreads and infects an entire family and house and landscape as it spreads it becomes tragic Not tragic for Judas necessarily as by the end one has no sympathy for him if one ever did I admit to being blind and weak and having a shred of sympathy for him early; but tragic for us who can recognize in him people and by extension impersonal institutions we have to deal with daily So yes we laugh at him as that is often the last refuge for victims but it is a cringing pain wracked laughter and all we can say in the end is thank God there’s vodka to eventually destroy such bastards


  4. says:

    A kind of doom seems to hang over some families One notices it particularly among the class of small landowners scattered all over Russia who having no work no connection with public life and no political importance were at one time sheltered by serfdom but now with nothing to shelter them are spending the remainder of their lives in their tumble down country houses Everything in those pitiful families’ existence both success and failure is blind unexpected haphazard 321 The Golovlyov Family centers on the ancestral estate of Golovlyovo and the various family members that spring out of it and return to it in order to die It is a dead place and although Shchedrin chronicles their lives the members of the Golovlyov family are dead from the very beginning dead before and sometimes even while they are alive That it all comes crumbling down when Arina Petrovna the iron fisted matriarch begins to lose her grip over the estate to her miserly and hypocritical son Porphyry Vladimiritch nicknamed Iudushka or 'little Judas' is accidental; they are doomed far in advance The novel is exceptionally bleak; there is cruelty alcoholism despair and suicide in abundance Yet strangely one comes away from it all feeling uplifted not necessarily about one's own life but about what one wants to do with it For to end up like the Golovlyovs is just too damn tragic James Wood writes in the introduction that The Golovlyov Family becomes modern the older it gets I would agree and add that this increasing modernity lends the novel a uniue sense of timelessness It is also a brilliant study not only of hypocrisy but also of the rationalizations generally that people offer for their own reprehensible or downright petty behavior I can think of no other character in literature who was so off putting and convincingly so than Iudushka The fact that – if we are really honest with ourselves– we all have a little of little Judas in us lends The Golovlyov Family an almost uncomfortable degree of psychological depth People of weak character find the external forms of life of great help in bearing its burdens In cases of difficulty they instinctively cling to those forms finding in them a justification for themselves 201


  5. says:

    A 19th century masterpiece about a Russian family of landowners The psyshological drama and the descriptions of everyday life in the Russian countryside are among the strongest I've ever come across The characters are built in the tradition of great archetypes in particular that of the Miser see Molière and Dickens It's one of those books that you can't put down and which are entirely satisfying on an intellectual and emotional level The ending is pure Dostoevsky it has an unexpected catharsis in which the bad not to say evil characters attain a brief saint like illumination through a symbolic rather than plausible repentance On top of this the edition I have has gorgeous ink drawings by a certain Kukrynisky one name The Russian publisher is asking the book's readers to write them with their opinions on the novel the book's design and the translation I wish I could do this but I doubt they still exist or have the same address 36 years later


  6. says:

    I imagine if Emile Zola were Russian he would have written something like this This is as close to Russian Naturalism as I have read This is pure misery darker than the Dostoevsky and Tolstoy novels I've readI've seen this described as satire at times This novel does stumble across some humor a few moments are downright funny in fact but for the most part it's like a sparkle in a torrent of mud gone as soon as you see it and leaving you to wonder if it was really there Yeah this is really grim stuffThere's really no one here to root for although there's some worth pitying In fact most of the characters die off fast this is a chronicle of people dying some of them die so uickly that you wonder if they were really integral to the story After they're gone most of the novel centers around a simpering creep the brother Porphyry aka the Bloodsucker He is one of the most maddening creations I've come across in literature A conniving hypocritical malefic schemer He will pick your back pocket while filling the air with empty words about God prayer faith and blah blah blahendlesslyWhen someone is in need he tells them to pray and to pay up what they owe him with interest He wants everything owed to him down to the last absurd ridiculous scrap and spends all of his time telling everyone how great God is He idles away his time speculating on schemes that will never happen; He had just begun a very complicated calculation how many rubles' worth of milk could he sell a year if all the cows in the neighborhood die and only his with God's help remained alive and produced twice as much milk as before There's some of that aforementioned humorBut he truly believes in his religion This means he can do no end of evil and sleep well at night because of his faith He has no reason to do good only to ask for forgiveness in perpetuity We spend the whole book hoping for his comeuppanceOne theme that runs through this novel is just plain rural tedium and loneliness More than once he stopped before the window trying to fasten his wandering thought on something and to distract himself but in vain It was early spring but the trees were bare and there was not yet any new grass Black fields stretched in the distance with patches of white snow here and there in the hollows and low lying places The road was black with mud and shining with pools But he saw it all as through a mist The wet outbuildings were completely deserted and yet all the doors were wide open in the house too there was no one within call although the sound of doors banging was continually heard in the distanceDescriptions like this run through the novel In some ways this novel reminded me of the English novels I have read which are set on desolate moors It gives the book a Gothic feel at timesThe Golovlyov estate is a character in itself which consumes everyone it comes into contact with Even those who die far away from Golovlyov were wounded by the place and tainted foreverThe character of Arina Petrovna the matriarch of the family is a bit like King Lear; she divides up her property between her children and is then at their mercy The problem with the Golovlyov family is they have no familial compassion they're idle drunks or they let their riches ruin them by not enjoying it at all It's reminiscent of the character of Trina in McTeague who seems to gain sexual gratification from touching her money rolling on it and putting it in her mouth Her thriftiness was a good thing tooup to a pointI'm not sure what I didn't like about this novel exactly the story is fairly interesting but the writing style failed to draw me in until the last third or so That said I will admit the character of Porphyry is very well written I have not hated a character in literature so deeply since Heathcliff in Wuthering Heights By the way I really liked Wuthering Heights but I found it cruel miserable cold windy angry bitter not romantic If it was romantic I wouldn't have liked it At the time I read it I recall making a note in a margin in reference to Heathcliff Will someone please kill this son of a bitch? So much for romance Anyway by comparison Porphyry is awful too but in a far believable way he like this novel is a slow burn I dare say this novel is mature less filled with extreme passions just depressing and hopeless


  7. says:

    One of the grimmest books I've ever read There is no letup from the unhappy dispiriting events in the novel the author's wicked satire on a landed gentry family in the pre and post serfdom years in 19th century Russia and the eventual failures of its members The matriarch of the family the grasping Arina Petrovna rules with an iron hand but upon her death is finally displaced by her son and heir Porfyry Vladimiritch the perfect archetype of a hypocrite especially religious hypocrisy that gives him the excuse for his greed laziness and cruelty towards all particularly family members One by one each dies most either by suicide or by succumbing to drink leaving Porfyry alone in his fantasy world but for a niece This bloodsucker and manipulator gets his comeuppance on Good Friday in the night Good touch of the author that Not an enjoyable book but one I'm glad to have read


  8. says:

    My review is for the terrific 1961 Signet version The Golovlovs translated by the unfortunately named Andrew MacAndrew I get the feeling from comments here that the NYRB translation doesn't properly capture the novel The Golovlovs is not gloomy but often riotously funny perhaps the best black comic Russian novel I've read It is also not about an evil family but an extremely conniving and greedy one and the fact that the family members are uite pious in their way adds to the humor Arina Petrovna the fiery old matriarch has become one of my favorite female characters in all of literature


  9. says:

    The Russians are the best writers Well in my opinion The characters they draw are unforgettable and the descriptions of Russian life so real This is the ultimate story of hypocrisy greed unkindness and demise We are not drilled we are not trained to be champions and propagandists of this or that set of moral principles but are simply allowed to grow as nettles by a fence This is why there are very few hypocrites among us and very many liars bigots and babblers We have no need to be hypocritical for the sake of any fundamental social principles for we have no such principles and do not take shelter under any one of them We exist uite freely ie we vegetate babble and lie spontaneously without any principles And so the best thing is not to discuss the advantages or disadvantages of the conscious as compared with the unconscious hypocrisy but to keep away from both hypocrites and liarsAnd when Iudushka finally and too late sees the truth Here at that very Golovlyovo there had been uite a human nest how was it that not a feather was left of it?


  10. says:

    Here we have the episodic misadventures of the Golovlyov family somewhat centered on 'Little Judas' the greedy and tight fisted tsar or star of this accursed clan From proud landowners to paragons of avarice we are witness to their downfall slow and incremental true but downfall nonethelessAlmost every page is infused with doom and gloom adversity follows calamity follows catastrophe Saying I enjoyed it is misleading there is nothing enjoyable in this bleak Russian classicPorfiry otherwise known as Little Judas is a sneaky little bastard and he does sneaky little bastard things; fake praying for the sake of appearances manipulating circumstances for his benefit withholding or leaking information to suit his needs stealing just about everything that is not bolted down and so on and so forth An iron fisted mother a drunk brother two naive nieces a weak willed mistress and many many others are included in the long list of his victimsOur little Porfiry is uite the endearing character I'm glad I got to know him


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